Mountain biking and cycling is a very interesting leisure and sporting activity.It strengthen your physical and mental endurance.A good activity to unwind,rest and relax.
In order to enjoy mountain biking,it is necessary to understand the structure of the bike.The various parts and functions.So that you can build or select a mountain bike according to your riding style and preferences.
A mountain bike with good performance and materials can be easier to maintain and safer.Cutting down on the maintenance cost with the right parts that lasts.
Well it is usually not easy for beginners to understand the different parts and mechanism.
To overcome this,the best way is to simplify it.Breaking in down into major and minor parts.
The major parts includes:
- Gear levers
- Chain system
- Gear system
Minor parts includes:
- Handle bar
- Bottom bracket
The functions are as follows:
1 A frame is an important part of a bike for combining with the other parts.It consist of different designs and materials.
2 A fork is responsible for holding the front and rear wheel.
3 The headset is a set of components between the fork and head tube of the bike frame.It consist of 2 sets of bearings.
4 A crank is a component that turn the chain that move the rear wheel forward when a person pedal the bike forward.
5 A brake is for stopping a bike and reducing the speed.There are 3 types of bike brakes,rim,disc and drum.To change the friction kinetic energy to thermal.
6 Gear levers is for controlling the gearing mechanism and setting the correct gear.It is also call “shifter”.
7 Chain system is a set of chains that bring the bike forward with the gears.
8 The function of the gear system is for setting the gears accordingly.It consist of pedal,chain and sprocket.
9 Handle bar is for controlling and balancing the bike.Determine the direction to turn left or right.It can be fix with the handgrip,brake and gear levers.
10 Stem is the component for connecting the handle bar to the steerer tube of the bike fork.
11 Saddle is the bike seat for cyclists to ride a bike.It is available in different designs and materials for comfort in different riding styles.
12 Sprocket is a wheel with teeth cogs and the chain.It is make of track or perforated materials.
13 Spokes are long and thin metal parts for supporting the wheel structure.
14 Bottom bracket is a metal structure for connecting the crankset to the bike.So it can turn freely.
Well adequate first hand knowledge about a mountain bike will provide a good headstart in biking with more confidence and enjoyment.