Important Facts of Mountain Bike Components

Mountain biking and cycling are very interesting leisure and sporting activity. They strengthen your physical and mental endurance. Both are good activity to unwind,rest and relax.

In order to enjoy mountain biking, it is necessary to understand the structure of the bike, various parts and functions. So that you can build or select a mountain bike according to your riding style and preferences.

A mountain bike with “good performance” and materials can be easier to maintain and safer. Cutting down on the maintenance cost with the right parts that lasts.

Well it is usually not easy for beginners to understand the different parts and mechanism.

To overcome this, the best way is to be “clear and simple”. So that,it is easier to understand better. By breaking them down into major and minor parts with simple descriptions.

So here we go…….

The major parts includes:

  1. Frame
  2. Fork
  3. Headset
  4. Crank/chainset
  5. Brakes
  6. Gear levers
  7. Chain system
  8. Gear system

The minor parts includes:

  1. Handle bar
  2. Stem
  3. Saddle
  4. Sprocket
  5. Wheels
  6. Tires
  7. Spokes
  8. Bottom bracket

The brief explanation of the various functions are as follows:

1 A frame is an important part of a bike. It is for combining with the other parts. It consist of different designs and materials.

2 A fork is responsible for holding the front and rear wheel.

3 The headset is a set of components between the fork and head tube of the bike frame.

4 A crank is a component that turn the chain to move the rear wheel forward when a cyclist pedal the bike forward.

5 A brake is for reducing the speed of a bike. The 3 types of bike brakes are rim,disc and drum.

6 Gear levers is for controlling the gearing mechanism and setting the correct gears.

7 Chain system is a set of chain and gears combinations that bring the bike forward.

8 The gear systemstThe is for setting the gears. It consist of pedal,chain and sprocket.

9 The handle bar is for controlling,balancing and determine the direction of the bike. It is fix with the hand grip,brake and gear lever.

10 Stem is the component for connecting the handle bar to the steering tube of the bike fork.

11 Saddle is the bike seat. It is available in different designs and materials for comfort according to different riding styles.

12 Sprocket is a set of wheel consisting of the teeth cogs and chain. It is make of perforated materials.

13 Spokes are long and thin metal parts for supporting the wheel structure.

14 Bottom bracket is a metal structure for connecting the crank set to the bike.

Well having adequate first hand product knowledge about a mountain bike will provide a good head start in biking with more confidence and enjoyment. Also in maintaining a bike well and knowing what to do if it break down.

How to Build a Mountain Bike

To be able to enjoy the excitement and fun in mountain biking,it is necessary to have some product knowledge and experiences. There are other considerations to think about too. The most common option is to get or rent a bike which can be costly and inconvenient.

For convenience,majority of the cyclists purchase rather than building a mountain bike. Well, it is a matter of pros and cons.

In fact, creating it on your own give you more knowledge about the mechanism, freedom to customize your bike according to your preferences of parts and accessories. The best of all is you can have a desirable mountain bike which you really like at a “fraction” of the cost as compared to purchasing it from the retail shop.

Your bike will look unique and special too. You get full control of deciding which types of parts to use.

For a start, have a plan in place to know “how to build a mountain bike”. Find out more information about the various parts of a bike by researching online. Get to know more about the  various brands,materials,functions and manufacturers. Look through the various options available.

Make decision based on the following :

1  Your style of riding, handling skills, experiences  and confidence level.

2  The location of your biking activities. For e.g forest trails, urban, off road etc. This will determine whether to go for a simple or high quality bike with normal or advanced parts, gears and components.

3  The various designs choices of the whole bike and essential parts. Your preferences of colors, materials, size, weight etc.

4  The budget of building your bike inclusive of the necessary parts and accessories.

5  Choices of new or used/simple or best parts, price, quality, branded or non branded.

Additional facts to take note of :

–  Going for sophisticated parts may not be a good choice. Simple and affordable parts are easy to manage and maintain.

–  Start with a small budget and improve your bike gradually.Plan and budget ahead.

–  Do inspection if you are getting used or non-branded parts and components. Check for major cracks,breaks, wear and tear to prevent additional repair costs.

Proceed to get the necessary parts require and build your bike with guidance from experienced bikers. Get assistance from the staffs working at the bike shop when necessary.

Importance of Mountain Biking Protection Accessories

Spending a leisure day out and about on a bike at some place nice with your family members and friends over the weekends is a good way to relax after a week of work.


Whether it is just a simple outing with your children or a mountain biking expedition with your buddies, it is necessary to make some prior preparation to ensure that situation will be all right during the activities. To be ready for any unforeseen scenarios along the way. Like selecting the right mountain biking safety accessories.

There are certain “important” things to be aware of. There is one very crucial and necessary preparation which is a must to have.

Here it is:

Preparing the right kind of mountain bikes safety accessories to ensure the safety of the various important parts of their bodies.

To make the right selection, it is necessary for you to know the facts, types of,safety features and benefits of various biking protective accessories for your family members,friends and biking buddies. To protect them from unforeseen injuries.

Facts of Mountain Biking Protection Accessories

  1. There are many types of protection accessories ranging from basic to sophisticated.
  2. It is make of many different materials for protecting the various crucial parts of the body and the levels of protection needed.
  3. It is for additional protection against nature hazards like sharp branches,roots and rocks. From abrasion, weather conditions and harmful insects while biking in the nature trails. Providing some form of comfort too.

Types of  Biking Protection Accessories

Mountain biking protection accessories are group into two different categories. It depends on the functions. Which is to provide protection and comfort to the various important parts of the human body. Especially, the parts that are more prone to injuries while cycling in biking trails and jungle tracks.

There are as follows……..

  1. Helmet
  2. Gloves
  3. Body armor
  4. Neck braces
  5. Elbow and knee pads
  6. Shin guard
  7. Ankle guard
  8. Wrist protection
  9. Padded mountain bike shorts
  10. Long sleeves biking attires

Well, the purpose is to keep you safe and confidence in various types of biking activities. It is necessary to choose the protective accessories that is base on your ability,type of riding and tolerance levels.

Deciding whether to get additional protection base on safeguarding a certain part of your body. It depend on the location,weather and environmental conditions.

Extra padding and tougher protection accessories are suitable for long rides in tough terrains like mountain trails.

Lighter fabric protection accessories like full fingered gloves have more feel for steep or fast descents. It is also more comfortable and cooling in the wild.

Important Mountain Biking Skills for Beginners

For most people who have a passion in cycling and mountain biking, it is important to be able to ride and handle a bike well in different biking situations & terrains. For e.g: riding as a group,in rough terrain, going uphill/downhill etc. This apply to mountain biking for beginners and expert level.

For a start, it is necessary for mountain biking beginners to be familiar with the actions and biking skills need to be taken in various biking scenarios.

It includes……

Amount of braking
Ascending skills
Descending skills
Control and balance
Cornering and pedaling techniques
Biking positions
Speed management

To be able to be good at executing the right biking skills and techniques according to the situation, a biker need to be physically fit, agile, confident and decisive in making the right judgement. Good physique and agility can ensure a biker to sustain the physical/mental demand of the rough terrain/riding as a group.

Confident is necessary to execute the right biking skills quickly to ensure the safety of yourself and other bikers too. It is the same with being decisive in making the right judgement and react way in advance. Because road conditions and terrains changed very fast while on a biking journey.

So do a comprehensive study of the layout and condition of the surrounding areas of jungle trails/terrains is very important to prevent any surprises later.Plan the biking journey well in advance.

To ensure you to have a wonderful and enjoyable biking experience,there are some interesting tips to have.

There are as follows:

1) In group riding, look out for the speed of the others bikers and keep a safe distance from them. Be prepare to go faster when necessary and slow down on roads that are uneven. Keep a lookout of the road traffic conditions.

2) For riding in mountain/jungle trails, there is a need to have the skill to climb better, descend quicker and clear obstacles along the way. Good fitness is require to control and balance the bike well. Make the right judgement of the braking power to use and the position of the bike when going uphill and downhill.

3) To ride a bike well,it takes some time to have the fundamentals right,practices to have a solid riding foundation for different biking platforms. Take time off during the cycling expedition to enjoy the peacefulness and tranquility of the scenery.

4) Riding a bike standing up on the pedals is good for riding the bike in different directions. Use brakes in various situations efficiently.

5) While biking in natural trails,landscapes and habitats,there will be a few section of rough terrains and steep downhills. There are ways to go over it. Like using the human body natural suspension to glide over it. Manage the speed of the bike and have the right body posture when going down a steep slope.

6) For your own personal safety out in the wild,it is good to exercise some common sense and proper judgement.STOP and carry the bike over rough terrain & very steep slopes.

Engage an experienced instructor to learn the ropes and safety procedures.Wear suitable protective attires and equipment.

Best Mountain Bike Selection Tips

In the world of mountain biking, there are a wide selection of bikes available for different purposes,
environmental conditions, weather,
age groups and biking experience levels.

It range from normal, average all the way to the high end versions for the expert bikers and competitions. Price can be from average 500 dollars or below to 3500 dollars or more.

The list of necessary consideration factors continues….. As a result, the process of selecting a mountain bike that is suitable can be a big decision. It can be quite overwhelming for a beginner.

To make it easier, the first task you have to do is to plan ahead. Determine what you need, your requirements,usage and price range. Whether you are going to ride your bike more on the road, nature trails or terrain depending on the surroundings of your residence and country.

Whether you are riding a bike as a sport, for leisure, to keep fit or for competitions.

Secondly, find out more relevant information to gain more knowledge for the right decision later. By reading up books and mountain biking magazines both online/offline and talk to friends who may have good tips to share 🙂

Thirdly, head down to a reputable bike shop to have a look at the various categories of bikes available. Get familiar and find out more from the staff.

Check out the different designs, materials,
features, parts and mountain bike accessories. Take note of the overall quality by identify the origin of the materials used.Shop around initially.

Fourth, weigh the pros and cons,advantages and disadvantages. Then,
select 2 versions that matches with your needs and requirements.

Fifth, take both bikes out for test rides under different conditions. Take note of the overall performance, stability, comfort and efficiency while riding on it. This is important because you will be on it most of the time while out riding.

Finally, make up your mind on which bike to get. Base your decision on which one is more durable and easy to maintain in the long run. The most important of all is how comfortable are you feeling while on the bike. Not forgetting to compare the price too.

Well there are many interesting ways to get a bike. It is not necessary to own one. For example: Rent a bike,borrow it from a friend,get from second hand store,get it during a sale etc….

Hope that this will help you to make the right decision and get the correct bike to enjoy the fun of biking.